Understanding 5 Key Quality Tools

A robust quality management system is a necessity in order to have a world class facility in today’s competitive environment. This not only applies to large scale corporations but also small and midsize firms as well. It is often recognized that there are five key tools that should be a part of any quality systems Mansfield OH. These can be found throughout all stages of the product lifecycle. If these concepts are integrated properly then your business will be primed for success.

FMEA

Understanding 5 Key Quality Tools

Failure Mode and Effects Analysis (FMEA) is a method used to identify and address risks in any process. It involves evaluating the process and listing any potential causes of failure. A score is then assigned to each. These are ranked in three separate areas – severity, opportunity and detection.

SPC

Statistical process control utilizes tools such as control charts to uncover special causes in a process. This is variation that is not inherent and makes the process go out of control. Once this is addressed then there can be a greater focus on stabilizing and improving.

MSA

All measurement and inspection tools have some degree of error present within them. Measurement systems analysis aims to quantify this variation and ensure that it is capable of delivering results that are up to expectations. One of the main principles is gage repeatability and reproducibility (GR&R), which is a structured experiment to define precision and accuracy.

APQP

Advanced product quality planning is a structured approach to designing and introducing products into production. It also brings customer requirements further into the forefront. It is cross functional and typically stretches over several phases of the design process.

PPAP

Production Part Approval Process (PPAP) ingrains quality into the supply chain of a company. It contains several elements but intends to instill confidence in vendor supplied parts so that potential issues do not arise downstream and decrease efficiencies.

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